What Veggies, Fruits, and Herbs Can I Grow Indoors?

Growing produce indoors is a great idea. Whether you lack the outdoor space or want to grow more than the average amounts, we’ll tell you what is possible to grow indoors from fruit and vegetables such as strawberries to herbs including basil.

Indoor Growing – Start Small

Starting off small is one of the best things to do when beginning an indoor garden. Not only does this allow you to grow a few things at once, it also gives green fingered gardeners the chance to discover what does and doesn’t work for them. Some people can grow anything while others struggle in keeping the simplest plants alive!

Find a windowsill or similar area that receives five hours of sunlight or more a day. Plants need sunlight for photosynthesis, the key element for any plant to survive. Ensure that there is enough room for leaves or fruits to grow. Without such expansion, there is very little chance of seeing flowers, fruits or vegetables.

For those who may be thinking of starting the project on a larger scale; you may consider buying a grow light to help your plants survive the winter season.

Setting up a bench or workspace for your garden can be beneficial; place the flowers in an area with linoleum floor to catch the inevitable drops of water. Maybe consider placing tarpaulin under the area.

Almost anything can be grown in a container too!

Temperature

The best temperature for most plants is between 65- 75F. A variance of 10F either way can work too. If a plant is too hot, then it will be small and weak, while plants that are too cold may have yellow leaves that fall off.

Humidity

One of the biggest struggles that indoor gardeners face is humidity. Winter tends to be drier than summer, and if a home is heated, this can become a hindrance.

There are various ways to identify if you have a humidity problem:

  • Tips of leaves are brown
  • Withered or puckered looking leaves
  • Losing leaves

In order to tackle such an issue many things can be done, including misting plants daily. Place a water tray nearby with lava rocks to increase surface area evaporation. Placing plants together with also create a micro environment with a higher relative humidity

Remember: Soil found outside is not beneficial for indoor plants. They can contain weed seeds, insect pests and is too heavy. Indoor plants benefit from a good growing medium. Search for mediums that are specialized for indoor plants, it should drain well while holding enough nutrients and moisture to help your plant grow.

Some may even want to consider hydroponics, which gives plants all the nutrients needed without the use of soil; for more information see here.

What Can I Grow?

Now onto the best bit! You have chosen the best place for your plants, it has the appropriate humidity level and you’re using either a decent growing medium or hydroponics technology.

Almost anything can be grown indoors – however, it is important to consider growing plants with similar light, water and humidity needs near each other. Here’s an idea of some plants to start with:

Vegetables

  • Carrots
  • Onions
  • Tomatoes
  • Kale
  • Peppers
  • Beans

Fruit

  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Apples
  • Citrus

Herbs

  • Basil
  • Rosemary
  • Chive
  • Lavender
  • Parsley

Flowers

  • Pansy
  • Marigold
  • Begonia
  • Petunia

Now that you are well on your way to growing your ideal garden, it is time to start considering whether you want to move them outside or not.

Plants and seedling that are grown inside need a ‘hardening off’ period before they can survive in the outside world. This gives them the opportunity to adapt in order to withstand the weather, avoid water loss, and develop a thicker cuticle.

If you are considering moving your plant to the great outdoors follow these steps to help your plants harden off.

Plants grown inside dry out a lot quicker than their outside counterparts and need regular watering to survive – using room temperature water, add enough so it runs through a pot or container’s drain holes.

Tip: 

Feel the soil with your finger or invest in a moisture meter to monitor your plant’s water levels to ensure you are giving it the correct amount of water as needed.

Anything can be grown indoors. With a little time, care, effort and attention; before too long, you will have the indoor garden of your dreams – just be sure to move them outside if they get too big!